Conditions And Pains

Conditions And Pains

Conditions and pains we treat can originate from a variety of activities such as playing sports, improperly exercising, surgery rehabilitation, work-related activities, and instrumental activities of daily living.

NOTE: Although PT has a high success rate of resolving most of these conditions, sometimes surgical intervention is required, usually by an orthopedic surgeon. We treat pre-op and post-op patients for the following list of pathologies.


Knee Pains
Back Pains
Foot and Ankle Pains
Hip pains
Neck Pains
Shoulder Pains
Elbow Pains
Leg pains
Wrist and Hand Pains
Pelvic Injuries

Knee Pains

  • Sprained Knee – inflammation, pain, and bruising caused by damaged ligaments. Can lead to limited mobility.
  • Patellar Fracture, Patellar Dislocation – either of these can cause severe pain, swelling and make walking difficult.
  • Tendonosis/Tendonitis – inflammation of the patellar tendon. Can cause sharp pain and swelling of the knee.
  • Patello-Femoral Pain Syndrome – kneecap cartilage/soft tissue damage due to overuse or injury. Often referred to as “runners’ knee.”
  • Ligament Tears/Sprain including ACL, MCL, PCL sprain, partially torn ligament.
  • Meniscus Tear
  • Cartilage Defects – Wear and tear, age, ligament damage, fracture, or a traumatic injury. Causes pain, stiffness, and range of motion issues.
  • Osteoarthritis/Degenerative joint disease – knee joint cartilage wears away which can result in bone-on-bone or bone spur pain.
  • Total knee joint replacement

Back Pains

  • Sprain or strain – overuse of back muscles which can cause spasms, cramps and reduce the range of motion.
  • Lower back pain
  • Chronic back pain – back pain lasting longer than 12 weeks.
  • Upper back pain
  • Muscle spasm
  • Herniated Disc
  • Radiculopathy – a pinched nerve in the spinal column. Can cause weakness, loss of feeling, tingling, and pain.
  • Pinched Nerve
  • Scoliosis
  • Intervertebral Disc Degeneration – a breakdown of the discs which separate your vertebrae. Causes pain in the back, neck, legs, and arms.
  • Spondylolisthesis – a slip of the vertebrae which can press on nerves causing back pain.
  • Traumatic Injury
  • Spinal Stenosis – often occurs in the neck or lower back, it’s a narrowing of bony openings which compress your spinal cord. Pain, numbness, and can affect bladder or bowel control.
  • Skeletal Irregularities
  • Postural Dysfunction – when you position your spine in unnatural positions (slouching, head forward, etc.). Leads to aches and pains throughout the back, neck, and more. Frequent headache cause.

Foot and Ankle Pains

  • Sprained foot – foot ligaments stretch and tear. Often happens when your foot twists or lands awkwardly.
  • Heel spurs – calcium growth around your heel bone. Can cause heel pain.
  • Foot pain
  • Heel pain – while several reasons for heel pain exist, the pain is most often caused by plantar fasciitis or heel spurs.
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Fractures
  • Sprained ankle – if your ankle twists or rolls, ligaments can tear resulting in swelling and pain.
  • High ankle sprain – damage to the high ankle ligaments on the inside of the ankle joint. Pain radiates up the ankle. Often requires crutches and taping.
  • Ankle ligament tears
  • Ankle pain
  • Malleolus Fracture – a fracture of the inner bone of your ankle. Often, you can walk with an orthopedic walker boot.
  • Tendinitis – Achilles, Post Tibialis, Peroneal – this group of tendons surrounds the ankle and, when injured or overused, causes swelling, soreness, and pain.
  • Tendon Rupture – can cause extreme pain and damage to ankle joints.
  • Calf Strain – painful, minor tears to the two muscles on the back of the leg below your knee.
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Balance Disorders

Hip pains

  • Weak Muscles
  • Impingement – hip stiffness and pain when the ball of the hip pinches against the cup of the hip. Often, leads to arthritis.
  • Labral Tears – pain along the front of the hip joint or groin caused by damaged labral cartilage in your hip socket.
  • Hip Flexor Strain – sharp pain in the front of the hip or groin. Noticeable when walking, going up stairs, or pulling your knee toward your chest.
  • Muscle Imbalance/Muscle Strain
  • Piriformis Syndrome – the piriformis muscle in your buttock irritates your sciatic nerve. This leads to pain, numb feelings, or tingling in your buttocks or legs.
  • IT Band Syndrome – pain between the hip and knees. Caused by ligament connecting pelvic bone and shinbone rubbing against the thigh bone.
  • Anterior Hip Pain –  pain located in the front of the hip with a number of possible causes such as muscle strain, arthritis, and cartilage loss.
  • Posterior Hip Pain – pain on the backside of the hip. A symptom of a number of hip-related issues.
  • Lateral Hip Pain – hip joint pain around the outside of your hip.
  • Proximal Hamstring Strain – a tear or strain of the proximal hamstring. Causes buttock pain, upper thigh pain, or pain while sitting.
  • Quadriceps Strain – a painful strain of the big muscle that runs down the front of your thigh.
  • Gluteal Strains – a painful tear of a gluteal muscle in your buttocks.
  • Hip Arthroscopy – allows a surgeon to look at your hip joint with a small camera.
  • Osteoarthritis – the cartilage in your hip wears down. Typically felt in the front of your groin, the pain can radiate into your thigh, buttocks, hip side, or back of your thigh.

Neck Pains

  • Stiff neck – weak muscles due to poor posture, during sleep or overexertion, can cause stiffness.
  • Chronic neck pain – headache, muscle tightness, spasms, and decreased range of motion. If pain worsens or caused by injury, seek medical attention.
  • Whiplash – stiffness, pain in the neck and shoulders. Headaches and muscle spasms. The injury occurs after your head moves back or forward with force.
  • Herniated Disc –  the inner portion of a disc in the spine ruptures. Can cause aching in the neck, numbness, or weakness which can radiate into the arm and hands.
  • Muscle Spasm
  • Intervertebral Disc Degeneration – breakdown of discs that separate spinal bones which can cause pain and weakness.
  • Postural Dysfunction – (see back pains)
  • Headache
  • TMD-TMJ – pain, and discomfort in the muscles around your jaw joints.
  • Cervical Radiculopathy – inflammation/damage to a cervical nerve root. Can lead to numbness, pain, or weakness in your neck or shoulder and throughout your arm.

Shoulder Pains

  • Frozen shoulder – pain and stiffness in the shoulder which, over time, makes it difficult to move your shoulder.
  • Impingement
  • Dislocation/Shoulder instability
  • Rotator Cuff Tear – shoulder pain and weakness caused by a tear in tissues that connect muscle to tendons in your shoulder joint.
  • Ligament Tear
  • Labral Tear – cartilage which helps keep the ball of the shoulder joint in place. Causes pain and instability.
  • Sprains/Strains
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome – compression of nerves or blood vessels between the collarbone and first rib. Causes shoulder/neck pain, numbness, weakness, or cold fingers.

Elbow Pains

  • Elbow pain – covers a wide variety of painful problems which occur in the elbow. Read on.
  • Tendonitis – inflammation, and swelling of the tendons in the elbow. Often referred to as “tennis elbow”.
  • Bicep Strain/Tear – tear or strain in bicep muscle elbow connection. Treatment dictated by the severity of the strain.
  • Tricep Strain/Tear – tendon injury with swelling, pain, and decrease in range of motion. Tears can differ in severity.
  • Tennis elbow – pain on the outside of the elbow due to overuse of connective tissue between forearm and elbow.
  • Golfers elbow
  • Ligament Sprain/Tear
  • Thrower’s Elbow – damage or strain to the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones around the elbow. Causes pain and inflammation to both sides of the elbow.
  • Ulnar Collateral Ligament Sprain/Tear – ligament which runs along the inside of the elbow. A common injury for baseball players.
  • Ulnar Neuritis – nerve on the inside of the elbow becomes entrapped leading to numbness, tingling, or pain.
  • Ulnar Extension Overload
  • Stress Fracture
  • Nerve compression/entrapment – bones, tendons, muscles, cartilage put pressure against an elbow nerve causing inflammation or swelling.
  • Cubital Tunnel – hand weakness, numbness in ring/little fingers, pain, or forearm tingling caused by the stretching or pressure on the funny bone nerve.
  • Radial Tunnel – pressure on radial nerve in the elbow which causes pain or fatigue on top of the forearm.
  • Radial Head Fracture – the top of the radius bone below your elbow. Depending on fracture severity, treatment ranges from wearing a splint to orthopedic surgery. Also, expect pain and swelling.
  • Olecranon Fracture – the elbow point fractures. Elbow and shoulder stiffen due to lack of use while healing.
  • Olecranon Bursitis – caused by injury or overuse, the bursa sac fills with fluid causing inflammation and pain. Often referred to as “Popeye’s elbow”.
  • Distal Humerus – a fracture in the lower end of the humerus (one of three bones that form the elbow).
  • Osteoarthritis (OA) – DJD
  • Total Elbow Replacement – prosthetic elbow replacement used when there’s extensive damage and severe elbow.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) – painful inflammation of the joint lining due to a body’s immune system attacking tissue.

Leg pains

  • Muscle spasms – typically caused by overuse, dehydration, poor blood flow, or strain. Can happen in your calf and quadriceps and be quite painful.
  • Muscle tears
  • Radiculopathy (from Low Back) – a pinched nerve that radiates pain in the lower back and down the legs.
  • Quad Strain – pain, swelling, and tenderness of the quadricep muscles. Depending on the severity, you’ll feel pain in the thigh area which can make walking and running difficult.
  • Hamstring Strain – the hamstring tendon, along the back of your thigh, pulls or tears. In general, you’ll feel a sharp pain in the back of your thigh.

Wrist and Hand Pains

  • Sprained wrist – trauma to ligaments in the wrist which causes swelling, bruising, and pain.
  • Wrist pain – pain in the wrist due to strain, overuse, or trauma.
  • Carpal Tunnel – nerve compression or pressure on your median nerve. Causes pain, numbness, and tingling.
  • Tendonitis
  • Sprained finger – caused by trauma to finger. Causes damage to ligaments leading to pain, swelling, and stiffness in finger joints.
  • Sprained thumb – ligaments get injured or strained causing swelling, weakness, or pain.
  • Fractures
  • Tendon Injuries
  • Nerve Injuries
  • Ligament Injuries
  • Arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis – pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints in your fingers. Can create difficulties in moving fingers or picking up objects.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis – an autoimmune disease that causes painful inflammation of joints in fingers.

Pelvic Injuries

  • Rotations
  • Upslip
  • Downslip
  • Sacro-iliac joint (SIJ dysfunction) – joints connecting the sacrum and pelvis. Causes lower back pain which can spread to the hips, groin, or buttocks.
  • Pelvic related leg length discrepancy


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Friendswood (281) 482-7380 – River Oaks (832) 409-6390