Conditions and pains we treat can originate from a variety of activities such as playing sports, improperly exercising, surgery rehabilitation, work-related activities, and instrumental activities of daily living.
NOTE: Although PT has a high success rate of resolving most of these conditions, sometimes surgical intervention is required, usually by an orthopedic surgeon. We treat pre-op and post-op patients for the following list of pathologies.
- Sprained Knee – inflammation, pain, and bruising caused by damaged ligaments. Can lead to limited mobility.
- Patellar Fracture, Patellar Dislocation – either of these can cause severe pain, swelling and make walking difficult.
- Tendonosis/Tendonitis – inflammation of the patellar tendon. Can cause sharp pain and swelling of the knee.
- Patello-Femoral Pain Syndrome – kneecap cartilage/soft tissue damage due to overuse or injury. Often referred to as “runners’ knee.”
- Ligament Tears/Sprain including ACL, MCL, PCL sprain, partially torn ligament.
- Meniscus Tear
- Cartilage Defects – Wear and tear, age, ligament damage, fracture, or a traumatic injury. Causes pain, stiffness, and range of motion issues.
- Osteoarthritis/Degenerative joint disease – knee joint cartilage wears away which can result in bone-on-bone or bone spur pain.
- Total knee joint replacement
- Sprain or strain – overuse of back muscles which can cause spasms, cramps and reduce the range of motion.
- Lower back pain
- Chronic back pain – back pain lasting longer than 12 weeks.
- Upper back pain
- Muscle spasm
- Herniated Disc
- Radiculopathy – a pinched nerve in the spinal column. Can cause weakness, loss of feeling, tingling, and pain.
- Pinched Nerve
- Intervertebral Disc Degeneration – a breakdown of the discs which separate your vertebrae. Causes pain in the back, neck, legs, and arms.
- Spondylolisthesis – a slip of the vertebrae which can press on nerves causing back pain.
- Traumatic Injury
- Spinal Stenosis – often occurs in the neck or lower back, it’s a narrowing of bony openings which compress your spinal cord. Pain, numbness, and can affect bladder or bowel control.
- Skeletal Irregularities
- Postural Dysfunction – when you position your spine in unnatural positions (slouching, head forward, etc.). Leads to aches and pains throughout the back, neck, and more. Frequent headache cause.
Foot and Ankle Pains
- Sprained foot – foot ligaments stretch and tear. Often happens when your foot twists or lands awkwardly.
- Heel spurs – calcium growth around your heel bone. Can cause heel pain.
- Foot pain
- Heel pain – while several reasons for heel pain exist, the pain is most often caused by plantar fasciitis or heel spurs.
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Sprained ankle – if your ankle twists or rolls, ligaments can tear resulting in swelling and pain.
- High ankle sprain – damage to the high ankle ligaments on the inside of the ankle joint. Pain radiates up the ankle. Often requires crutches and taping.
- Ankle ligament tears
- Ankle pain
- Malleolus Fracture – a fracture of the inner bone of your ankle. Often, you can walk with an orthopedic walker boot.
- Tendinitis – Achilles, Post Tibialis, Peroneal – this group of tendons surrounds the ankle and, when injured or overused, causes swelling, soreness, and pain.
- Tendon Rupture – can cause extreme pain and damage to ankle joints.
- Calf Strain – painful, minor tears to the two muscles on the back of the leg below your knee.
- Balance Disorders
- Weak Muscles
- Impingement – hip stiffness and pain when the ball of the hip pinches against the cup of the hip. Often, leads to arthritis.
- Labral Tears – pain along the front of the hip joint or groin caused by damaged labral cartilage in your hip socket.
- Hip Flexor Strain – sharp pain in the front of the hip or groin. Noticeable when walking, going up stairs, or pulling your knee toward your chest.
- Muscle Imbalance/Muscle Strain
- Piriformis Syndrome – the piriformis muscle in your buttock irritates your sciatic nerve. This leads to pain, numb feelings, or tingling in your buttocks or legs.
- IT Band Syndrome – pain between the hip and knees. Caused by ligament connecting pelvic bone and shinbone rubbing against the thigh bone.
- Anterior Hip Pain – pain located in the front of the hip with a number of possible causes such as muscle strain, arthritis, and cartilage loss.
- Posterior Hip Pain – pain on the backside of the hip. A symptom of a number of hip-related issues.
- Lateral Hip Pain – hip joint pain around the outside of your hip.
- Proximal Hamstring Strain – a tear or strain of the proximal hamstring. Causes buttock pain, upper thigh pain, or pain while sitting.
- Quadriceps Strain – a painful strain of the big muscle that runs down the front of your thigh.
- Gluteal Strains – a painful tear of a gluteal muscle in your buttocks.
- Hip Arthroscopy – allows a surgeon to look at your hip joint with a small camera.
- Osteoarthritis – the cartilage in your hip wears down. Typically felt in the front of your groin, the pain can radiate into your thigh, buttocks, hip side, or back of your thigh.
- Stiff neck – weak muscles due to poor posture, during sleep or overexertion, can cause stiffness.
- Chronic neck pain – headache, muscle tightness, spasms, and decreased range of motion. If pain worsens or caused by injury, seek medical attention.
- Whiplash – stiffness, pain in the neck and shoulders. Headaches and muscle spasms. The injury occurs after your head moves back or forward with force.
- Herniated Disc – the inner portion of a disc in the spine ruptures. Can cause aching in the neck, numbness, or weakness which can radiate into the arm and hands.
- Muscle Spasm
- Intervertebral Disc Degeneration – breakdown of discs that separate spinal bones which can cause pain and weakness.
- Postural Dysfunction – (see back pains)
- TMD-TMJ – pain, and discomfort in the muscles around your jaw joints.
- Cervical Radiculopathy – inflammation/damage to a cervical nerve root. Can lead to numbness, pain, or weakness in your neck or shoulder and throughout your arm.
- Frozen shoulder – pain and stiffness in the shoulder which, over time, makes it difficult to move your shoulder.
- Dislocation/Shoulder instability
- Rotator Cuff Tear – shoulder pain and weakness caused by a tear in tissues that connect muscle to tendons in your shoulder joint.
- Ligament Tear
- Labral Tear – cartilage which helps keep the ball of the shoulder joint in place. Causes pain and instability.
- Thoracic outlet syndrome – compression of nerves or blood vessels between the collarbone and first rib. Causes shoulder/neck pain, numbness, weakness, or cold fingers.
- Elbow pain – covers a wide variety of painful problems which occur in the elbow. Read on.
- Tendonitis – inflammation, and swelling of the tendons in the elbow. Often referred to as “tennis elbow”.
- Bicep Strain/Tear – tear or strain in bicep muscle elbow connection. Treatment dictated by the severity of the strain.
- Tricep Strain/Tear – tendon injury with swelling, pain, and decrease in range of motion. Tears can differ in severity.
- Tennis elbow – pain on the outside of the elbow due to overuse of connective tissue between forearm and elbow.
- Golfers elbow
- Ligament Sprain/Tear
- Thrower’s Elbow – damage or strain to the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones around the elbow. Causes pain and inflammation to both sides of the elbow.
- Ulnar Collateral Ligament Sprain/Tear – ligament which runs along the inside of the elbow. A common injury for baseball players.
- Ulnar Neuritis – nerve on the inside of the elbow becomes entrapped leading to numbness, tingling, or pain.
- Ulnar Extension Overload
- Stress Fracture
- Nerve compression/entrapment – bones, tendons, muscles, cartilage put pressure against an elbow nerve causing inflammation or swelling.
- Cubital Tunnel – hand weakness, numbness in ring/little fingers, pain, or forearm tingling caused by the stretching or pressure on the funny bone nerve.
- Radial Tunnel – pressure on radial nerve in the elbow which causes pain or fatigue on top of the forearm.
- Radial Head Fracture – the top of the radius bone below your elbow. Depending on fracture severity, treatment ranges from wearing a splint to orthopedic surgery. Also, expect pain and swelling.
- Olecranon Fracture – the elbow point fractures. Elbow and shoulder stiffen due to lack of use while healing.
- Olecranon Bursitis – caused by injury or overuse, the bursa sac fills with fluid causing inflammation and pain. Often referred to as “Popeye’s elbow”.
- Distal Humerus – a fracture in the lower end of the humerus (one of three bones that form the elbow).
- Osteoarthritis (OA) – DJD
- Total Elbow Replacement – prosthetic elbow replacement used when there’s extensive damage and severe elbow.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) – painful inflammation of the joint lining due to a body’s immune system attacking tissue.
- Muscle spasms – typically caused by overuse, dehydration, poor blood flow, or strain. Can happen in your calf and quadriceps and be quite painful.
- Muscle tears
- Radiculopathy (from Low Back) – a pinched nerve that radiates pain in the lower back and down the legs.
- Quad Strain – pain, swelling, and tenderness of the quadricep muscles. Depending on the severity, you’ll feel pain in the thigh area which can make walking and running difficult.
- Hamstring Strain – the hamstring tendon, along the back of your thigh, pulls or tears. In general, you’ll feel a sharp pain in the back of your thigh.
Wrist and Hand Pains
- Sprained wrist – trauma to ligaments in the wrist which causes swelling, bruising, and pain.
- Wrist pain – pain in the wrist due to strain, overuse, or trauma.
- Carpal Tunnel – nerve compression or pressure on your median nerve. Causes pain, numbness, and tingling.
- Sprained finger – caused by trauma to finger. Causes damage to ligaments leading to pain, swelling, and stiffness in finger joints.
- Sprained thumb – ligaments get injured or strained causing swelling, weakness, or pain.
- Tendon Injuries
- Nerve Injuries
- Ligament Injuries
- Osteoarthritis – pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints in your fingers. Can create difficulties in moving fingers or picking up objects.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis – an autoimmune disease that causes painful inflammation of joints in fingers.
- Sacro-iliac joint (SIJ dysfunction) – joints connecting the sacrum and pelvis. Causes lower back pain which can spread to the hips, groin, or buttocks.
- Pelvic related leg length discrepancy
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